The Gullah Geechee People
Gullah Geechee people are descendants of Africans who were enslaved on the rice, indigo and Sea Island cotton plantations of the lower Atlantic coast. Many came from the rice-growing region of West Africa. The nature of their enslavement on isolated island and coastal plantations created a unique culture with deep African retentions. Evidence of their traditional culture is clearly visible in their distinctive arts, crafts, foodways, music, and language. Photograph: Sam Polite repairing a fishing net. St. Helena Island, SC (1931). Lorenzo Dow Turner papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.